About chinchillas

Chinchillas (Latin Chinchilla.) - Genus of rodent chinchilla family.
  There are two kinds of chinchillas:
Non-small long-tailed or coast;
-korotkohvostaya or large.
Homeland chinchillas - South America. The natural habitat is dry rocky territory in the north of Chile, in the Andes of South Bolivia and north-western Argentina. This lodge chinchilla at an altitude of 400-5000 meters above sea level. Choosing a home for themselves, chinchillas prefer narrow cracks in the rocks, small caves and cavities under the rocks. But if necessary, I can dig a hole for himself.
Skeleton chinchillas can be compressed in the vertical plane, that allows them to choose the shelter in the most narrow-reach places. Chinchilla very same round shape with a short neck. The body length of 22 to 38cm, and the tail reaches a length of 17cm. Typically, males and females are larger weight can reach 800-900 grams.
In the harsh climate of high mountains chinchilla perfectly adapted to life. Sweat glands they are missing, and the body is covered with the thickest fur in nature, which is good harbor them from the cold mountain winds. Per square centimeter of skin are more than 2,500 hairs privyshaet thickness as 16 microns. Chinchilla fur density secret lies in the fact that one of the hair bulb prorostaet about 70 hairs. In this tough guard hairs on the body are absent and only the tail cover. fur density so high that it can not live parasites. Purify your fur chinchilla bathing in volcanic ash or dust.
Chinchillas are omnivores and conditions of scanty vegetation in their diet includes a variety of shrubs, mosses, lichens, herbaceous plants, tree bark and some insects. Teeth chinchillas lack of roots and grow throughout life.
They live in small colonies chinchilla. Their Strength can reach up to 20 years. Chinchillas are very well adapted to the dark, so are nocturnal. They have big black eyes with vertical pupils, and reaching up to 10cm mustache whiskers that allow them to navigate at night is great. Five-fingered forelimbs, four fingers of which grasping. Hind legs longer than the two in front and much more that ensures high jumping chinchillas.
Puberty chinchilla reach the age of 7-8 months. Mostly females bring two (rarely three) litters per year. The number of pups per litter can reach 5. Pregnancy in long-tailed chinchilla lasts from 108 to 118 days. Born babies are often in the morning. At the same time they appear in the light with your eyes open, teeth, fur is completely sheltered and mobility.
The lactation period in females lasts up to 8 weeks. All the while, the kids use breast milk, although in 10-14 days after birth, and they begin to eat solid food. Pregnancy is not priryvaet egg development in females and males often cover them during the first days after birth.
  If we talk about chinchilla, it is worth noting that the color of the wild (standard) chinchilla bluish-gray with a white belly. Hair painted three zones: dark gray; at the end of white and black volosa- that creates "silver." This painting is called "agouti". The standard chinchilla color is divided into three type- dark, medium and light.
Nowadays, it is known 12 mutations of the standard color:
   9 retsesivnyh
   3 dominant and
  10 recombinant forms.
       Let's consider them:
- "Do not agouti" (Non agouty) -shinshilla has monotonous gray color with unexpressed zoning.
- "Charcoal" (Charcoal) -shinshilla almost black with black eyes.
- "Albino" (Albino) -zverek white with red eyes.
- "White retsesivnaya" (Recessive white) -okras chinchilla similar to "albino", but with frequent changes in eye shape.
- "Misty" (Misty) -shinshilla has a dark gray color with a diffuse pattern.
- "Beige Sullivan" (Recessive beige Sullivan) -zverek beige with red eyes.
- "Wellman Beige" (Recessive beige Wellman) -shinshilla and beige, but with black eyes.
- "Sapphire" (Sapphire's) -by chinchilla coloring is similar to the standard ( "agouti") form, but not brown.
- "Motley" (Piebald) -zverek standard or other color with small white blotch.
- "Black velvet" (Black velvet) -shinshilla has a very smooth pubescence height and shades, as well as a sharp color contrast dark back and a white belly.
- "Beige dominant" (Dominant beige) -zverek has a light beige color with a nearly white fluff.
- "Dominant white" (Dominant white) -shinshilly white color, when the fur has a yellowish tint.
- "Brown Corduroy" (Brown velvet) -okras obtained by a combination of gene "black velvet" and "beige dominant" group.
 - "Blue Velvet" (Velvet blue) is a combination of three mutations of genes, "black vilveta", "charcoal" and "sapphire".
- "Velveko" (Velveko) -sochitaet the genes "black velvet" and "charcoal".
- "Bright pastel" -sochitaet the genes "charcoal" and "beige dominant."
- "Dark Pastels" -has a combination of gene "charcoal", "beige dominant" and standard chinchilla.
- "Pink and White" -This combination has a white color with a pinkish-beige shade.